I hope you understand that when you pledge your allegiance
to our great flag you're actually pledging your allegiance
to the republic and the flag only represents that republic.
The flag is the symbol of everything we hold dear; the great
men who designed and signed our constitution, their wives
who gave up so much to support them, our own families, the
freedom to burn the flag that gives you that very freedom
(This one I don't really understand, but it's so awesome we
can live in a land where someone can commit such and act and
not get shot. Well, by the government anyway.) We can own
our own business, start our own religion, change our sex,
plant a garden, own a gun, picket outside the capitol and
all without having to fear being captured and killed. What
gives us this freedom? I have to ask you if you believe in
democracy. Do you know what form of government we have here
in the United States? Those great people who were designing
how our country would run knew a little about rule. They had
all been ruled under one form or another. Great men like Benjamin
Franklin who at a very old age and with assistance attended
a meeting where men were fighting. They were arguing about
their individual states having power and not wanting to turn
that over to a central body or have no or little representation
because their population was so small. So he makes a simple
suggestion to have two offices in the government. One with
senators that each state regardless how small can be represented
equal to even the biggest and another office that can be regulated
by size. Everyone agreed and that was the beginning of our
form of government. Our government was referred to as an experiment.
Do you know why it was? The following is some information
for you to understand your own government. As I stated in
the beginning you pledge your allegiance to the Republic and
not to a democracy. So what's the difference? Hopefully after
you look this over you will have some idea of what the difference
is. The word "democracy" appears nowhere in the
Declaration of Independence or the Constitution two
most fundamental documents of our nation. Instead of a democracy,
the Constitution's Article IV, Section 4, guarantees "to
every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government."
John Adams captured the essence of the difference when he
said, "You have rights antecedent to all earthly governments;
rights that cannot be repealed or restrained by human laws;
rights derived from the Great Legislator of the Universe."
Nothing in our Constitution suggests that government is a
grantor of rights. Instead, government is a protector of rights.
In a democracy, if everyone decided that homosexuality or
abortion or many other things are ok, then they would become
ok because the majority of the people would vote for it. Instead
we have representation.
I don't take any credit for writing any of the following information.
I understand it, but can not articulate it. So here is information
from smarter people than I.
[CapMag.com]It has become annoyingly commonplace for republics,
whether they are the United States or the State of Nevada,
to be referred to as democracies, without regard to the meaning
of the word or the implications it brings with it.
What is a republic? What is a democracy? And why am I so
angered that people use the words interchangeably? I'll answer
the last question first. It is illogical to use two words
that mean two different things to mean the same thing. This
would be like me using the words orange and apple to mean
the same physical object. I would be derided as an idiot and
rightly so. This situation is the same in principle to the
republic/democracy problem, but the importance of the orange
and apple comparison is infinitely smaller.
A republic is a government in which a restricted group of
citizens form a political unit, usually under the auspice
of a charter, which directs them to elect representatives
who will govern the state. Republics, by their very nature,
tend to be free polities, not because they are elected by
the citizens of the polity, but because they are bound by
charters, which limit the responsibilities and powers of the
state. The fact that people vote for representatives has nothing
to do with making anything free. The logical consistency and
rationality of the charter, as well as the willingness of
the people to live by it, is what keeps people free.
A democracy is government by the majority. There is still
a restricted group of citizens in a democracy, but this group
rules directly and personally runs the state. The group may
delegate specific tasks to individuals, such as generalships
and governorships, but there is no question that the ruling
force in a democracy is not a charter (if there even is a
charter), but the vote of the majority. Democracies are free
only if the people know what freedom is and are consistent
in their application of it. If they don't know this, or more
appropriately, if a majority of the people don't know this,
then a democracy could be just as tyrannical as the worst
dictator (see Socrates' forced suicide by the Athenian democracy.)
As should be plain, there is a giant difference between the
two systems of government. One of the main fears at the Constitutional
Convention of the United States was that the government they
created would be too democratic (causing Alexander Hamilton
to suggest a restricted monarchy), because it was quite obvious,
then and now, that any majority could vote itself anything
it wanted, be it property or executions. That is why it irks
me so much when politicians (who have no excuse not knowing
what kind of government they serve in) and ignorant people
say that this country is a democracy; it does a tremendous
disservice to all of the people whose thought went into creating
But the more pernicious effect is that people actually begin
to attribute and incorporate tenets of democracies into our
republican structure. Things like referendums and ballot initiatives.
These are not only irresponsible but entirely illogical. Why
should we be making decisions we elect people to make? What
legitimacy is gained from getting a majority of voters to
pass anything? If 70% of voters vote to ban gay marriage,
does that make it right? If 51% of voters vote to ban smoking,
does that make it right? If 99.99% vote to redistribute property,
does that make it right? The answer to all of these is "NO!"
absolutely not. Truth isn't determined by how many adherents
one can get to go along with you. This is why democracy should
be fought off wherever it shows its ugly face, it can and
will be used to justify anything a majority of voters wants.
Theoretically, a majority could vote for selective free speech,
or to have certain unpopular people thrown out of the country
or killed. There is no law in a democracy except whatever
the majority of people say is the law.
Why is it so popular then? Because idiots think they will
benefit from having "more of a say in how things work."
True, if you're in the majority that is. Advocates of democracy
are either those who are really advocates of republics and
are ignorant of the difference, or they are those who think
they will be in the majority and will be able to vote themselves
benefits. A quick example would be wealth. Those who admire
people like Michael Moore and Ralph Nader would advocate a
democracy because then they could steal the money of the rich
and give it to themselves (Moore and Nader wouldn't support
such a scheme, because then they would no longer be rich.)
In the long run though, a democracy will always become a
tyranny, either by majority, or if the majority screw things
up so badly and a tyrant seizes power from the ensuing chaos.
The overriding characteristic of democracy is subjectivism
and that is its fatal flaw. In other words, reason is irrelevant,
whatever the majority wants, it gets and regardless of how
unprincipled or objectionable it may be. Rights cannot exist
in such a system in the long run because they can be voted
away on a whim at any time. So if you're interested in freedom
at all you must cast away an ugly term like democracy and
accept that freedom requires reason, objectivity, and law,
which can only be satisfied by a republican government.
- Alexander Marriot
Some other great articles can be found on thier site.
In the Pledge of Allegiance we all pledge allegiance to our
Republic, not to a democracy. "Republic" is the
proper description of our government, not "democracy."
I invite you to join me in raising public awareness regarding
The distinction between our Republic and a democracy is not
an idle one. It has great legal significance.
The Constitution guarantees to every state a Republican form
of government (Art. 4, Sec. 4). No state may join the United
States unless it is a Republic. Our Republic is one dedicated
to "liberty and justice for all." Minority individual
rights are the priority. The people have natural rights instead
of civil rights. The people are protected by the Bill of Rights
from the majority. One vote in a jury can stop all of the
majority from depriving any one of the people of his rights;
this would not be so if the United States were a democracy.
People's rights vs Citizens' rights)
In a pure democracy 51 beats 49[%]. In a democracy there
is no such thing as a significant minority: there are no minority
rights except civil rights (privileges) granted by a condescending
majority. Only five of the U.S. Constitution's first ten amendments
apply to Citizens of the United States. Simply stated, a democracy
is a dictatorship of the majority. Socrates was executed by
a democracy: though he harmed no one, the majority found him
SOME DICTIONARY DEFINITIONS
Government. ....the government is but an agency of the state,
distinguished as it must be in accurate thought from its scheme
and machinery of government. ....In a colloquial sense, the
United States or its representatives, considered as the prosecutor
in a criminal action; as in the phrase, "the government
objects to the witness." [Black's Law Dictionary, Fifth
Edition, p. 625]
Government; Republican government. One in which the powers
of sovereignty are vested in the people and are exercised
by the people, either directly, or through representatives
chosen by the people, to whom those powers are specially delegated.
In re Duncan, 139 U.S. 449, 11 S.Ct. 573, 35 L.Ed. 219; Minor
v. Happersett, 88 U.S. (21 Wall.) 162, 22 L.Ed. 627. [Black's
Law Dictionary, Fifth Edition, p. 626]
Democracy. That form of government in which the sovereign
power resides in and is exercised by the whole body of free
citizens directly or indirectly through a system of representation,
as distinguished from a monarchy, aristocracy, or oligarchy.
Black's Law Dictionary, Fifth Edition, pp. 388-389.
Note: Black's Law Dictionary, Fifth Edition, can be found
in any law library and most law offices.
Notice that in a Democracy, the sovereignty is in the whole
body of the free citizens. The sovereignty is not divided
to smaller units such as individual citizens. To solve a problem,
only the whole body politic is authorized to act. Also, being
citizens, individuals have duties and obligations to the government.
The government's only obligations to the citizens are those
legislatively pre-defined for it by the whole body politic.
In a Republic, the sovereignty resides in the people themselves,
whether one or many. In a Republic, one may act on his own
or through his representatives as he chooses to solve a problem.
Further, the people have no obligation to the government;
instead, the government being hired by the people, is obliged
to its owner, the people.
The people own the government agencies. The government agencies
own the citizens. In the United States we have a three-tiered
cast system consisting of people ---> government agencies
---> and citizens.
The people did "ordain and establish this Constitution,"
not for themselves, but "for the United States of America."
In delegating powers to the government agencies the people
gave up none of their own. (See Preamble of U.S. Constitution).
This adoption of this concept is why the U.S. has been called
the "Great Experiment in self government." The People
govern themselves, while their agents (government agencies)
perform tasks listed in the Preamble for the benefit of the
People. The experiment is to answer the question, "Can
self-governing people coexist and prevail over government
agencies that have no authority over the People?"
The citizens of the United States are totally subject to
the laws of the United States (See 14th Amendment of U.S.
Constitution). NOTE: U.S. citizenship did not exist until
July 28, 1868.
Actually, the United States is a mixture of the two systems
of government (Republican under Common Law, and democratic
under statutory law). The People enjoy their God-given natural
rights in the Republic. In a democracy, the Citizens enjoy
only government granted privileges (also known as civil rights).
There was a great political division between two major philosophers,
Hobbes and Locke. Hobbes was on the side of government. He
believed that sovereignty was vested in the state. Locke was
on the side of the People. He believed that the fountain of
sovereignty was the People of the state. Statists prefer Hobbes.
Populists choose Locke. In California, the Government Code
sides with Locke. Sections 11120 and 54950 both say, "The
people of this State do not yield their sovereignty to the
agencies which serve them." The preambles of the U.S.
and California Constitutions also affirm the choice of Locke
by the People.
It is my hope that the U.S. will always remain a Republic,
because I value individual freedom.
Thomas Jefferson said that liberty and ignorance cannot coexist.*
Will you help to preserve minority rights by fulfilling the
promise in the Pledge of Allegiance to support the Republic?
Will you help by raising public awareness of the difference
between the Republic and a democracy?
I know some of that is very deep, but read it again to understand
it. It is vital you understand your form of government to be
acted upon. Government is there to enforce God's natural laws.
- "If a nation expects to be ignorant and free, in
a state of civilization,
it expects what never was and never will be."
- Thomas Jefferson, 1816
- James Madison, Federalist Paper No. 10: In a pure
democracy, "there is nothing to check the inducement
to sacrifice the weaker party or the obnoxious individual."
- At the 1787 Constitutional Convention, Edmund Randolph
said, " ... that in tracing these evils to their origin
every man had found it in the turbulence and follies of
- John Adams said, "Remember, democracy never
lasts long. It soon wastes, exhausts, and murders itself.
There was never a democracy yet that did not commit suicide."
- Chief Justice John Marshall observed, "Between
a balanced republic and a democracy, the difference is like
that between order and chaos."